Office of Grants and Contracts
Proposal Preparation and Submission
These are the steps involved in preparing a grant proposal.
- Find Grant Opportunities
Finding a funding source to support your research ideas is your first step in preparing a grant proposal. Let the Grants Officer know what you're interested in doing and/or your area of expertise and she will help with your search. See Researching Funding Opportunities
- Read Funding Opportunity Guidelines
Read guidelines to ensure eligibility and that you meet the agency requirements.
- Contact the Grants Office
Contact the Grants Office at 718-289-5183, for guidance with budget and submission process. The Grants Office will help you determine how much lead time is needed. It can provide proofing, editing and overall help during the writing process. The Grants Office strongly advises that a PI be prepared to submit a proposal a minimum of two weeks before the actual deadline so that the submission can be scheduled. That will allow the needed time to deal with error messages from Grants.gov and/or the funding source's proposal processing system. Many deadlines at different agencies coincide. All proposals must go through the Grants Office, and the staff wants to be able to provide the needed attention to each proposal, without the logistical problem of too many people leaving a submission to the same late afternoon.
- Writing A Proposal
Proposal writing is the crux of the process. Writing assistance and tips are listed below:
- Proposal Writing
The Grantsmanship Center
- Depending on the size of the proposal, you may have more than one person writing the proposal. The more people that engage in writing the proposal, the more different writing styles are going to be in the final draft. It is less jolting to the reviewers if the style does not vary from section to section.
- Find someone, preferably not connected to your field, to read your proposal. That person must be honest with you. If that person has questions or criticisms, so will a reviewer. Remember not to overuse the jargon of your field of study, as some of the reviewers may not be as familiar with your field as you might think.
- Don't make claims that you cannot substantiate. Remember that besides review of your printed proposal, there could be a site visit.
- Have a final editor. You want perfect grammar. You want consistency between the project description and the budget. For example, if in the review of the budget, you determine you must change the number of students or the number of trips, you must make sure that is also reflected in the project description. A single change might require a revision in the project description, a budget modification, the addition or deletion of a CV, etc.
- Don't dress up the proposal too much and don't use too many adjectives. Many readers are given a large number of proposals to review – they are looking for substance in the proposal. They will decide whether your project has the potential for achieving great things.
- Proposal Writing
- Submitting the Proposal
Many grants are now being submitted electronically. Many federal grant applications now must be submitted through Grants.gov, which itself is going through a software transition, resulting in periods of time when it is not accessible. The Grants.gov portal will bounce back with error messages any submission that does not meet certain criteria. There is a limited window for dealing with the error messages. Failure to correct the errors will result in the proposal not being accepted for review.
Even after clearing the Grants.gov portal, an electronic proposal then goes to the funding source's own electronic system (such as Fastlane at NSF or ERA Commons at NIH). At that time, there may be additional error messages and warnings, to which the applicant has two workdays to respond, and which requires the Grants Office to pull back the applications, make the needed changes, and re-submit through Grants.gov. The proposal submission process is not complete until there are no error messages from the agency's electronic system.
Please see the Grants.gov for further information.