1. Elias Howe, 1819-1867.
Patented first sewing machine. Sculptor: Charles Keck,
2. Alexander Graham Bell, 1847-1922. Elected 1900. Invented the telephone, which he patented in 1876 and demonstrated at the Centennial Exhibition. Sculptor: Stanley Martineau, 1951.
3. John James Audubon, 1785-1851. Elected 1900. Painted America's birds from first hand observation. His published pictures became world-famous. Sculptor: A. Stirling Calder, 1927.
4. Eli Whitney, 1765-1825. Elected 1900. Invented, but never patented the cotton gin for cleaning seeds from cotton. Sculptor: Chester Beach, 1926.
5. Samuel Finley Breese Morse, 1791-1872. Elected 1900. Invented the telegraph, the first instrument capable of transmitting electrical signals across long distances. Sculptor: Chester Beach, 1928.